On this day in 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment, repealing the Eighteenth Amendment and bringing an end to the prohibition of alcohol in the United States.

The Eighteenth Amendment authorized the prohibition of alcohol on January 16, 1919 and went into effect in January of 1920. The end of prohibition after 13 years was celebrated by most as the 18th amendment failed on multiple fronts, including contributing to the rise of organized crime in the country as Franklin D. Roosevelt called for removal of the “menace of the bootlegger”.

President Roosevelt also urged temperance stating “I trust in the good sense of the American people that they will not bring upon themselves the curse of excessive use of intoxicating liquors, to the detriment of health, morals and social integrity.”

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